Infant CPR

In Long Beach, ensuring the safety and well-being of infants is a top priority for parents, caregivers, and communities. Infant CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is a vital life-saving skill that every caregiver should possess. This comprehensive guide provides step-by-step instructions for performing infant CPR, along with essential safety measures to prevent emergencies and techniques for preventing infant choking.

Part 1: Safety Measures to Prevent Infant Emergencies

  • Supervision: Always supervise infants closely, especially during feeding and playtime, to prevent accidents and choking hazards.
  • Safe Sleep Practices: Ensure that infants sleep on their backs in a crib with a firm mattress and no loose bedding or toys to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
  • Childproofing: Childproof your home by securing cabinets, covering electrical outlets, and removing small objects or choking hazards from reach.
  • CPR Training: Attend a certified CPR training course specifically for infants to learn proper techniques and procedures for emergency situations.
  • Emergency Contacts: Keep important emergency contacts, including local emergency services and poison control, readily accessible.

Part 2: Infant Choking Prevention Techniques

  • Cut Food into Small Pieces: When introducing solid foods, cut them into small, manageable pieces to prevent choking.
  • Supervise Meals: Always supervise infants while they eat and encourage them to chew food thoroughly before swallowing.
  • Avoid Hard Foods: Refrain from giving infants hard candies, nuts, popcorn, and other small, hard foods that pose choking hazards.
  • Safe Feeding Positions: Sit infants upright while feeding to minimize the risk of choking and aspiration.
  • Know Choking Signs: Learn the signs of choking in infants, including difficulty breathing, coughing, gagging, and wheezing.

Part 3: Step-by-Step Guide to Infant CPR

Performing CPR on an infant can be a daunting task, but knowing the proper techniques can make all the difference in saving a life. Follow these step-by-step instructions:

  1. Step 1: Assess the Situation
    • Check for Responsiveness: Gently tap the infant's foot and speak loudly to assess responsiveness. If there is no response, the infant may need CPR.
    • Call for Help: If you're alone, perform CPR for about 2 minutes before calling emergency services. If someone else is present, instruct them to call for help immediately.
  2. Step 2: Position the Infant
    • Place on a Firm Surface: Lay the infant on a firm, flat surface, such as the floor or a table, with their back facing up.
    • Open the Airway: Tilt the infant's head back slightly by lifting the chin with one hand while supporting the head with the other hand.
  3. Step 3: Check Breathing
    • Look, Listen, and Feel: Look for chest movement, listen for breath sounds, and feel for airflow on your cheek for no more than 10 seconds. If the infant is not breathing or is gasping for air, CPR is required.
  4. Step 4: Perform Chest Compressions
    • Position Your Hands: Place two or three fingers in the center of the infant's chest, just below the nipple line.
    • Compress the Chest: Using gentle but firm pressure, compress the chest about 1.5 inches deep at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
  5. Step 5: Give Rescue Breaths
    • Seal the Mouth and Nose: Place your mouth over the infant's mouth and nose, creating a tight seal.
    • Give Two Gentle Breaths: Deliver two gentle breaths lasting about one second each, watching for chest rise.
  6. Step 6: Repeat CPR Cycle
    • Continue CPR: Perform cycles of 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths, maintaining a ratio of 30:2.
    • Check for Breathing: After about 2 minutes of CPR, check for signs of breathing. If the infant begins to breathe normally, continue to monitor their condition until help arrives.
  7. Step 7: Await Emergency Assistance

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Certification Period

2 Years

Course Length

3 - 3.5 Hours

Student / Instructor Ratio


Student / Equipment Ratio