Adult CPR

In Compton, being prepared for emergencies is crucial, especially when it comes to performing Adult CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation). This comprehensive guide provides step-by-step instructions for performing Adult CPR, along with essential safety measures to prevent emergencies, techniques for preventing adult choking, and first aid techniques that can prevent the need for CPR.

Part 1: Safety Measures to Prevent Emergencies

  1. Regular Exercise and Healthy Lifestyle: Encourage regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle to maintain overall health and reduce the risk of heart-related emergencies that may require CPR.
  2. Safety Training: Provide safety training for workplace environments and public spaces to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries that could lead to the need for CPR.
  3. Home Safety: Implement home safety measures such as installing smoke alarms, carbon monoxide detectors, and fire extinguishers to prevent emergencies like fires and smoke inhalation.
  4. Regular Health Check-ups: Encourage regular health check-ups and screenings to identify and manage any underlying health conditions that could increase the risk of cardiac arrest.
  5. CPR Certification: Encourage community members to obtain CPR certification to ensure that there are trained individuals available to respond to emergencies promptly.

Part 2: Adult Choking Prevention Techniques

  1. Chew Food Thoroughly: Encourage adults to chew their food thoroughly and avoid talking or laughing with a full mouth to prevent choking.
  2. Avoid Alcohol Consumption Before Eating: Consuming alcohol before meals can impair swallowing reflexes, increasing the risk of choking. Encourage moderation or abstention from alcohol before meals.
  3. Be Mindful of Food Texture: Avoid serving foods with a high risk of choking, such as hard candies, nuts, and large chunks of meat. Opt for softer textures and cut food into smaller, manageable pieces.
  4. Heimlich Maneuver Training: Provide training in the Heimlich maneuver to individuals at risk of choking and those who may need to assist someone experiencing a choking emergency.
  5. Stay Calm and Act Quickly: In the event of a choking emergency, staying calm and acting quickly is crucial. Encourage individuals to take immediate action by performing the Heimlich maneuver or calling for assistance.

Part 3: First Aid Techniques to Prevent the Need for CPR

  1. Basic Wound Care: Teach individuals basic wound care techniques to prevent infections and minimize the risk of more serious injuries that could lead to cardiac arrest.
  2. Recognition and Management of Heart Attack Symptoms: Educate community members about the symptoms of a heart attack and the importance of seeking prompt medical attention to prevent cardiac arrest.
  3. Control Bleeding: Provide training in controlling bleeding through direct pressure and the use of pressure dressings to prevent excessive blood loss, which can lead to shock and cardiac arrest.
  4. Administration of Medications: Train individuals in the administration of medications such as aspirin during a suspected heart attack to help prevent blood clot formation and reduce the risk of cardiac arrest.

Part 4: Step-by-Step Guide to Adult CPR

Performing Adult CPR can be intimidating, but knowing the proper techniques can make all the difference in saving a life. Follow these step-by-step instructions:

  1. Step 1: Assess the Situation
    1. Check for Responsiveness: Gently shake the adult and shout, "Are you okay?" to assess responsiveness. If there is no response, the adult may need CPR.
    2. Call for Help: If you're alone, perform CPR for about 2 minutes before calling emergency services. If someone else is present, instruct them to call for help immediately.
  2. Step 2: Position the Adult
    1. Place on a Firm Surface: Lay the adult on their back on a firm surface, such as the ground or floor.
    2. Open the Airway: Tilt the adult's head back slightly by lifting the chin with one hand while supporting the forehead with the other hand.
  3. Step 3: Check Breathing
    1. Look, Listen, and Feel: Look for chest movement, listen for breath sounds, and feel for airflow on your cheek for no more than 10 seconds. If the adult is not breathing or is gasping for air, CPR is required.
  4. Step 4: Perform Chest Compressions
    1. Position Your Hands: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the adult's chest, just below the nipple line.
    2. Compress the Chest: Using gentle but firm pressure, compress the chest about 2 inches deep at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
  5. Step 5: Give Rescue Breaths
    1. Seal the Mouth: Pinch the adult's nose shut with one hand.
    2. Open the Airway: Use your other hand to lift the adult's chin, tilting the head back slightly.
    3. Give Two Gentle Breaths: Cover the adult's mouth with your mouth and blow air in for about one second, watching for chest rise.
  6. Step 6: Repeat CPR Cycle
    1. Continue CPR: Perform cycles of 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths, maintaining a ratio of 30:2.
    2. Check for Breathing: After about 2 minutes of CPR, check for signs of breathing. If the adult begins to breathe normally, continue to monitor their condition until help arrives.
  7. Step 7: Await Emergency Assistance
    1. Continue CPR Until Help Arrives: Keep performing CPR until emergency medical services arrive and take over.
    2. Stay Calm and Reassure: Stay calm and provide reassurance to the adult, if conscious, and to any bystanders until professional help arrives.


In Compton, being prepared for emergencies is crucial for the safety and well-being of the community. By following these step-by-step instructions for Adult CPR, along with implementing safety measures to prevent emergencies, techniques for preventing adult choking, and first aid techniques that can prevent the need for CPR, individuals can be better equipped to respond effectively in critical situations. Remember, swift action and proper training can make all the difference in saving a precious life.

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Certification Period

2 Years

Course Length

3 - 3.5 Hours

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